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Records shall not be disposed of or destroyed while they are the subject of a pending request, appeal, or lawsuit under the FOIA. In order to resolve any fee issues that arise under this section, a component may contact a requester for additional information. Components shall ensure that searches, review, and duplication are conducted in the most efficient and the least expensive manner. A component ordinarily will collect all applicable fees before sending copies of records to a requester.

Requesters must pay fees by check or money order made payable to the Treasury of the United States. A component's decision to place a requester in the commercial use category will be made on a case-by-case basis based on the requester's intended use of the information. For example, direct costs include the salary of the employee performing the work i. Direct costs do not include overhead expenses such as the costs of space, and of heating or lighting a facility.

Copies can take the form of paper, audiovisual materials, or electronic records, among others. A requester in this fee category must show that the request is made in connection with the requester's role at the educational institution. Components may seek assurance from the requester that the request is in furtherance of scholarly research and will advise requesters of their placement in this category. A requester in this category must show that the request is authorized by and is made under the auspices of a qualifying institution and that the records are sought to further scientific research and are not for a commercial use.

A request for records supporting the news-dissemination function of the requester shall not be considered to be for a commercial use. A publishing contract would provide the clearest evidence that publication is expected; however, components shall also consider a requester's past publication record in making this determination. Review time includes processing any record for disclosure, such as doing all that is necessary to prepare the record for disclosure, including the process of redacting the record and marking the appropriate exemptions.

Review costs are properly charged even if a record ultimately is not disclosed. Search time includes page-by-page or line-by-line identification of information within records and the reasonable efforts expended to locate and retrieve information from electronic records. In responding to FOIA requests, components shall charge the following fees unless a waiver or reduction of fees has been granted under paragraph k of this section. Because the fee amounts provided below already account for the direct costs associated with a given fee type, components should not add any additional costs to charges calculated under this section.

Search fees shall be charged for all other requesters, subject to the restrictions of paragraph d of this section. Components may properly charge for time spent searching even if they do not locate any responsive records or if they determine that the records are entirely exempt from disclosure. Requesters shall be notified of the costs associated with creating such a program and must agree to pay the associated costs before the costs may be incurred. Duplication fees shall be charged to all requesters, subject to the restrictions of paragraph d of this section.

A component shall honor a requester's preference for receiving a record in a particular form or format where it is readily reproducible by the component in the form or format requested. Where photocopies are supplied, the component shall provide one copy per request at a cost of five cents per page. For copies of records produced on tapes, disks, or other media, components shall charge the direct costs of producing the copy, including operator time.

Where paper documents must be scanned in order to comply with a requester's preference to receive the records in an electronic format, the requester shall pay the direct costs associated with scanning those materials. For other forms of duplication, components shall charge the direct costs. Review fees shall be charged to requesters who make commercial use requests.

Review fees shall be assessed in connection with the initial review of the record, i. No charge will be made for review at the administrative appeal stage of exemptions applied at the initial review stage. However, if a particular exemption is deemed to no longer apply, any costs associated with a component's re-review of the records in order to consider the use of other exemptions may be assessed as review fees.

Review fees shall be charged at the same rates as those charged for a search under paragraph c 1 ii of this section. The component must have provided timely written notice of unusual circumstances to the requester in accordance with the FOIA and the component must have discussed with the requester via written mail, email, or telephone or made not less than three good-faith attempts to do so how the requester could effectively limit the scope of the request in accordance with 5 U. If this exception is satisfied, the component may charge all applicable fees incurred in the processing of the request.

If only a portion of the fee can be estimated readily, the component shall advise the requester accordingly. If the requester is a noncommercial use requester, the notice shall specify that the requester is entitled to the statutory entitlements of pages of duplication at no charge and, if the requester is charged search fees, two hours of search time at no charge, and shall advise the requester whether those entitlements have been provided.

The requester must provide the commitment or designation in writing, and must, when applicable, designate an exact dollar amount the requester is willing to pay. Components are not required to accept payments in installments. The component shall inquire whether the requester wishes to revise the amount of fees the requester is willing to pay or modify the request.

Once the requester responds, the time to respond will resume from where it was at the date of the notification. Although not required to provide special services, if a component chooses to do so as a matter of administrative discretion, the direct costs of providing the service shall be charged. Examples of such services include certifying that records are true copies, providing multiple copies of the same document, or sending records by means other than first class mail.

Components may charge interest on any unpaid bill starting on the 31st day following the date of billing the requester. Interest charges shall be assessed at the rate provided in 31 U. Components shall follow the provisions of the Debt Collection Act of Pub.

When a component reasonably believes that a requester or a group of requesters acting in concert is attempting to divide a single request into a series of requests for the purpose of avoiding fees, the component may aggregate those requests and charge accordingly. Components may presume that multiple requests of this type made within a day period have been made in order to avoid fees. For requests separated by a longer period, components will aggregate them only where there is a reasonable basis for determining that aggregation is warranted in view of all the circumstances involved.

Multiple requests involving unrelated matters shall not be aggregated. Payment owed for work already completed i. A component may elect to process the request prior to collecting fees when it receives a satisfactory assurance of full payment from a requester with a history of prompt payment. Where a component has a reasonable basis to believe that a requester has misrepresented the requester's identity in order to avoid paying outstanding fees, it may require that the requester provide proof of identity.

If the requester does not pay the advance payment within 30 calendar days after the date of the component's fee determination, the request will be closed. The fee schedule of this section does not apply to fees charged under any statute that specifically requires an agency to set and collect fees for particular types of records. In instances where records responsive to a request are subject to a statutorily-based fee schedule program, the component shall inform the requester of the contact information for that program.

In deciding whether this standard is satisfied the component must consider the factors described in paragraphs k 2 i through iii of this section:. The subject of the request must concern identifiable operations or activities of the Federal Government with a connection that is direct and clear, not remote or attenuated. This factor is satisfied when the following criteria are met:. A Disclosure of the requested records must be meaningfully informative about government operations or activities.

The disclosure of information that already is in the public domain, in either the same or a substantially identical form, would not be meaningfully informative if nothing new would be added to the public's understanding. B The disclosure must contribute to the understanding of a reasonably broad audience of persons interested in the subject, as opposed to the individual understanding of the requester. A requester's expertise in the subject area as well as the requester's ability and intention to effectively convey information to the public must be considered.

Components will presume that a representative of the news media will satisfy this consideration. To determine whether disclosure of the requested information is primarily in the commercial interest of the requester, components will consider the following criteria:. A Components must identify whether the requester has any commercial interest that would be furthered by the requested disclosure.

A commercial interest includes any commercial, trade, or profit interest. Requesters must be given an opportunity to provide explanatory information regarding this consideration. B If there is an identified commercial interest, the component must determine whether that is the primary interest furthered by the request.

A waiver or reduction of fees is justified when the requirements of paragraphs k 2 i and ii of this section are satisfied and any commercial interest is not the primary interest furthered by the request. Components ordinarily will presume that when a news media requester has satisfied the requirements of paragraphs k 2 i and ii of this section, the request is not primarily in the commercial interest of the requester. Disclosure to data brokers or others who merely compile and market government information for direct economic return will not be presumed to primarily serve the public interest.

A requester may submit a fee waiver request at a later time so long as the underlying record request is pending or on administrative appeal. When a requester who has committed to pay fees subsequently asks for a waiver of those fees and that waiver is denied, the requester shall be required to pay any costs incurred up to the date the fee waiver request was received. Nothing in this subpart shall be construed to entitle any person, as of right, to any service or to the disclosure of any record to which such person is not entitled under the FOIA.

Source: Order No. Attorneys, U. Marshals, U. Trustees and members of the staffs of those officials. Attorney for the district where the issuing authority is located. Any authorization for testimony by a present or former employee of the Department shall be limited to the scope of the demand as summarized in such statement.

Attorney shall request a summary of the information sought and its relevance to the proceeding. In any instance in which the responsible official is also the official in charge of the originating component, the responsible official may perform all functions and make all determinations that this regulation vests in the originating component. If so, the U. If the originating component determines that disclosure would not be appropriate and the responsible official does not refer the matter for higher level review, the responsible official shall take all appropriate steps to limit the scope or obtain the withdrawal of a demand.

The Deputy or Associate Attorney General will not approve disclosure if the circumstances specified in paragraphs b 1 through b 3 of this section exist. The Deputy or Associate Attorney General will not approve disclosure if any of the conditions in paragraphs b 4 through b 6 of this section exist, unless the Deputy or Associate Attorney General determines that the administration of justice requires disclosure. In this regard, if disclosure is necessary to pursue a civil or criminal prosecution or affirmative relief, such as an injunction, consideration shall be given to:.

Trustees, and their designees, are authorized to issue instructions to attorneys and to adopt supervisory practices, consistent with this subpart, in order to help foster consistent application of the foregoing standards and the requirements of this subpart. If response to a demand is required before the instructions from the appropriate Department official are received, the responsible official or other Department attorney designated for the purpose shall appear and furnish the court or other authority with a copy of the regulations contained in this subpart and inform the court or other authority that the demand has been or is being, as the case may be, referred for the prompt consideration of the appropriate Department official and shall respectfully request the court or authority to stay the demand pending receipt of the requested instructions.

See United States ex rel. Touhy v. Ragen, U. With respect to any function that this subpart permits the designee of an Assistant Attorney General to perform, the Assistant Attorneys General are authorized to delegate their authority, in any case or matter or any category of cases or matters, to subordinate division officials or U. By virtue of the authority vested in me by 28 CFR This directive shall become effective on the date of its publication in the Federal Register. This subpart contains the regulations of the Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI concerning procedures to be followed when the subject of an identification record requests production of that record to review it or to obtain a change, correction, or updating of that record.

The identification record includes the name of the agency or institution that submitted the fingerprints to the FBI. If the fingerprints concern a criminal offense, the identification record includes the date of arrest or the date the individual was received by the agency submitting the fingerprints, the arrest charge, and the disposition of the arrest if known to the FBI.

All arrest data included in an identification record are obtained from fingerprint submissions, disposition reports, and other reports submitted by agencies having criminal justice responsibilities. The subject of an identification record may obtain a copy thereof by submitting a written request via the U. Such request must be accompanied by satisfactory proof of identity, which shall consist of name, date and place of birth and a set of rolled-inked fingerprint impressions placed upon fingerprint cards or forms commonly utilized for applicant or law enforcement purposes by law enforcement agencies.

This fee is established pursuant to the provisions of 31 U. Any request for waiver of the fee shall accompany the original request for the identification record and shall include a claim and proof of indigency. Subject to applicable laws, regulations, and directions of the Attorney General of the United States, the Director of the FBI may from time to time determine and establish a revised fee amount to be assessed under this authority. Notice relating to revised fee amounts shall be published in the Federal Register.

The FBI will then forward the challenge to the agency which submitted the data requesting that agency to verify or correct the challenged entry. Upon the receipt of an official communication directly from the agency which contributed the original information, the FBI CJIS Division will make any changes necessary in accordance with the information supplied by that agency. This subpart contains the rules that the Department of Justice follows under the Privacy Act of , 5 U. These rules should be read together with the Privacy Act, which provides additional information about records maintained on individuals.

The rules in this subpart apply to all records in systems of records maintained by the Department that are retrieved by an individual's name or personal identifier. They describe the procedures by which individuals may request access to records about themselves, request amendment or correction of those records, and request an accounting of disclosures of those by the Department. The head of a component or a United States Attorney, or either's designee, is authorized to make written requests under subsection b 7 of the Privacy Act for records maintained by other agencies that are necessary to carry out an authorized law enforcement activity.

You may make a request for access to a Department of Justice record about yourself by appearing in person or by writing directly to the Department component that maintains the record. Your request should be sent or delivered to the component's Privacy Act office at the address listed in appendix I to this part. In most cases, a component's central Privacy Act office is the place to send a Privacy Act request. You must describe the records that you want in enough detail to enable Department personnel to locate the system of records containing them with a reasonable amount of effort.

Whenever possible, your request should describe the records sought, the time periods in which you believe they were compiled, and the name or identifying number of each system of records in which you believe they are kept. The Department publishes notices in the Federal Register that describe its components' systems of records.

This compilation is available in most large reference and university libraries. The component responsible for responding to your request ordinarily shall confirm this agreement in an acknowledgement letter.


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When making a request, you may specify a willingness to pay a greater or lesser amount. When you make a request for access to records about yourself, you must verify your identity. You must state your full name, current address, and date and place of birth. You must sign your request and your signature must either be notarized or submitted by you under 28 U. In order to help the identification and location of requested records, you may also, at your option, include your social security number. When making a request as the parent or guardian of a minor or as the guardian of someone determined by a court to be incompetent, for access to records about that individual, you must establish:.

Except as stated in paragraphs c , d , and e of this section, the component that first receives a request for access to a record, and has possession of that record, is the component responsible for responding to the request. In determining which records are responsive to a request, a component ordinarily shall include only those records in its possession as of the date the component begins its search for them.

The head of a component, or the component head's designee, is authorized to grant or deny any request for access to a record of that component. When a component receives a request for access to a record in its possession, it shall determine whether another component, or another agency of the Federal Government, is better able to determine whether the record is exempt from access under the Privacy Act.

If the receiving component determines that it is best able to process the record in response to the request, then it shall do so. If the receiving component determines that it is not best able to process the record, then it shall either:. Ordinarily, the component or agency that originated a record will be presumed to be best able to determine whether it is exempt from access. Whenever a request is made for access to a record containing information that relates to an investigation of a possible violation of law and that was originated by another component or agency, the receiving component shall either refer the responsibility for responding to the request regarding that information to that other component or agency or shall consult with that other component or agency.

Whenever a request is made for access to a record containing information that has been classified by or may be appropriate for classification by another component or agency under Executive Order or any other executive order concerning the classification of records, the receiving component shall refer the responsibility for responding to the request regarding that information to the component or agency that classified the information, should consider the information for classification, or has the primary interest in it, as appropriate.

Whenever a record contains information that has been derivatively classified by a component because it contains information classified by another component or agency, the component shall refer the responsibility for responding to the request regarding that information to the component or agency that classified the underlying information. Whenever a component refers all or any part of the responsibility for responding to a request to another component or agency, it ordinarily shall notify the requester of the referral and inform the requester of the name of each component or agency to which the request has been referred and of the part of the request that has been referred.

All consultations and referrals shall be handled according to the date the Privacy Act access request was initially received by the first component or agency, not any later date. Components may make agreements with other components or agencies to eliminate the need for consultations or referrals for particular types of records.

Once a component makes a determination to grant a request for access in whole or in part, it shall notify the requester in writing. If a request is made in person, the component may disclose records to the requester directly, in a manner not unreasonably disruptive of its operations, on payment of any applicable fee and with a written record made of the grant of the request. If a requester is accompanied by another person, the requester shall be required to authorize in writing any discussion of the records in the presence of the other person.

A component making an adverse determination denying a request for access in any respect shall notify the requester of that determination in writing. Adverse determinations, or denials of requests, consist of: A determination to withhold any requested record in whole or in part; a determination that a requested record does not exist or cannot be located; a determination that what has been requested is not a record subject to the Privacy Act; a determination on any disputed fee matter; and a denial of a request for expedited treatment.

The notification letter shall be signed by the head of the component, or the component head's designee, and shall include:. In processing a request for access to a record containing information that is classified under Executive Order or any other executive order, the originating component shall review the information to determine whether it should remain classified. Information determined to no longer require classification shall not be withheld from a requester on the basis of Exemption k 1 of the Privacy Act.

On receipt of any appeal involving classified information, the Office of Information and Privacy shall take appropriate action to ensure compliance with part 17 of this title. If you are dissatisfied with a component's response to your request for access to records, you may appeal an adverse determination denying your request in any respect to the Office of Information and Privacy, U.

You must make your appeal in writing and it must be received by the Office of Information and Privacy within 60 days of the date of the letter denying your request. Your appeal letter may include as much or as little related information as you wish, as long as it clearly identifies the component determination including the assigned request number, if known that you are appealing. The decision on your appeal will be made in writing. A decision affirming an adverse determination in whole or in part will include a brief statement of the reason s for the affirmance, including any Privacy Act exemption applied, and will inform you of the Privacy Act provisions for court review of the decision.

If the adverse determination is reversed or modified on appeal in whole or in part, you will be notified in a written decision and your request will be reprocessed in accordance with that appeal decision. If you wish to seek review by a court of any adverse determination or denial of a request, you must first appeal it under this section.

Your request should identify each particular record in question, state the amendment or correction that you want, and state why you believe that the record is not accurate, relevant, timely, or complete. You may submit any documentation that you think would be helpful. If you believe that the same record is in more than one system of records, you should state that and address your request to each component that maintains a system of records containing the record. Within ten working days of receiving your request for amendment or correction of records, a component shall send you a written acknowledgment of its receipt of your request, and it shall promptly notify you whether your request is granted or denied.

If the component grants your request in whole or in part, it shall describe the amendment or correction made and shall advise you of your right to obtain a copy of the corrected or amended record, in disclosable form. If the component denies your request in whole or in part, it shall send you a letter signed by the head of the component, or the component head's designee, that shall state:.

If your appeal is denied, you shall be advised of your right to file a Statement of Disagreement as described in paragraph d of this section and of your right under the Privacy Act for court review of the decision. If your appeal under this section is denied in whole or in part, you have the right to file a Statement of Disagreement that states your reason s for disagreeing with the Department's denial of your request for amendment or correction.

Statements of Disagreement must be concise, must clearly identify each part of any record that is disputed, and should be no longer than one typed page for each fact disputed. Your Statement of Disagreement must be sent to the component involved, which shall place it in the system of records in which the disputed record is maintained and shall mark the disputed record to indicate that a Statement of Disagreement has been filed and where in the system of records it may be found.

Within 30 working days of the amendment or correction of a record, the component that maintains the record shall notify all persons, organizations, or agencies to which it previously disclosed the record, if an accounting of that disclosure was made, that the record has been amended or corrected. If an individual has filed a Statement of Disagreement, the component shall append a copy of it to the disputed record whenever the record is disclosed and may also append a concise statement of its reason s for denying the request to amend or correct the record.

The following records are not subject to amendment or correction:. Except where accountings of disclosures are not required to be kept as stated in paragraph b of this section , you may make a request for an accounting of any disclosure that has been made by the Department to another person, organization, or agency of any record about you. This accounting contains the date, nature, and purpose of each disclosure, as well as the name and address of the person, organization, or agency to which the disclosure was made.

Components are not required to provide accountings to you where they relate to:. Each component will preserve all correspondence pertaining to the requests that it receives under this subpart, as well as copies of all requested records, until disposition or destruction is authorized by title 44 of the United States Code or the National Archives and Records Administration's General Records Schedule Records will not be disposed of while they are the subject of a pending request, appeal, or lawsuit under the Act.

No search or review fee may be charged for any record unless the record has been exempted from access under Exemptions j 2 or k 2 of the Privacy Act. When a record pertaining to an individual is required to be disclosed by a court order, the component shall make reasonable efforts to provide notice of this to the individual. Notice shall be given within a reasonable time after the component's receipt of the order—except that in a case in which the order is not a matter of public record, the notice shall be given only after the order becomes public.

This notice shall be mailed to the individual's last known address and shall contain a copy of the order and a description of the information disclosed. Notice shall not be given if disclosure is made from a criminal law enforcement system of records that has been exempted from the notice requirement. Upon disclosing a record pertaining to an individual made under compelling circumstances affecting health or safety, the component shall notify that individual of the disclosure. This notice shall be mailed to the individual's last known address and shall state the nature of the information disclosed; the person, organization, or agency to which it was disclosed; the date of disclosure; and the compelling circumstances justifying the disclosure.

The stringency of these controls shall correspond to the sensitivity of the records that the controls protect. At a minimum, each component's administrative and physical controls shall ensure that:. Any approved contract for the operation of a record system will contain the standard contract requirements issued by the General Services Administration to ensure compliance with the requirements of the Privacy Act for that record system.

The contracting component will be responsible for ensuring that the contractor complies with these contract requirements. Each component will inform its employees of the provisions of the Privacy Act, including the Act's civil liability and criminal penalty provisions. Unless otherwise permitted by law, an employee of the Department of Justice shall:.

Nothing in this subpart shall be construed to entitle any person, as of right, to any service or to the disclosure of any record to which such person is not entitled under the Privacy Act. These exemptions apply only to the extent that information in the system is subject to exemption pursuant to 5 U. This would permit record subjects to impede the investigation, e. Individual access to these records might compromise ongoing investigations, reveal confidential informants or constitute unwarranted invasions of the personal privacy of third parties who are involved in a certain investigation.

Amendment of the records would interfere with ongoing criminal law enforcement proceedings and impose an impossible administrative burden by requiring criminal investigations to be continuously reinvestigated. In the interests of effective law enforcement, it is appropriate to retain all information that may aid in establishing patterns of criminal activity. Moreover, it would impede the specific investigative process if it were necessary to assure the relevance, accuracy, timeliness and completeness of all information obtained.

These exemptions apply only to the extent that information in these systems is subject to exemption pursuant to 5 U. Access could reveal the identity of the source of the information and constitute a breach of the promise of confidentiality on the part of the Department of Justice. Such breaches ultimately would restrict the free flow of information vital to a determination of a candidate's qualifications and suitability.

Information which may appear irrelevant, when combined with other seemingly irrelevant information, can on occasion provide a composite picture of a candidate for a position which assists in determining whether that candidate should be nominated for appointment. Further, making available to a record subject the accounting of disclosures could reveal the identity of a confidential source. In addition, release of an accounting of disclosures from the General Files System may reveal information that is properly classified pursuant to Executive Order , and thereby cause damage to the national security.

In addition, release of records from the General Files System may reveal information that is properly classified pursuant to Executive Order , and thereby cause damage to the national security. Amendment of the records in either of these systems would interfere with ongoing law enforcement proceedings and impose an impossible administrative burden by requiring law enforcement investigations to be continuously reinvestigated.

Moreover, it would impede any investigative process, whether civil or criminal, if it were necessary to assure the relevance, accuracy, timeliness and completeness of all information obtained. In addition, release of an accounting of disclosures may reveal information that is properly classified pursuant to Executive Order , and thereby cause damage to the national security. In addition, release of these records may reveal information that is properly classified pursuant to Executive Order , and thereby cause damage to the national security.

Amendment of the records in this system would interfere with ongoing law enforcement proceedings and impose an impossible administrative burden by requiring law enforcement investigations to be continuously reinvestigated. These exemptions apply only to the extent that information in this system is subject to exemption pursuant to 5 U. Moreover, it would impede the specific investigative process if it were necessary to assure the relevance, accuracy, timeliness, and completeness of all information obtained.

These exemptions apply to the extent that information in this system is subject to exemption pursuant to 5 U. Access could reveal the identity of the source of the information and constitute a breach of the promised confidentiality on the part of the Department.

Such breaches ultimately would restrict the free flow of information vital to the determination of a candidate's qualifications and suitability. Information which may seem irrelevant, when combined with other seemingly irrelevant information, can on occasion provide a composite picture of a candidate which assists in determining whether that candidate should be nominated for appointment. Individual access to these records might compromise ongoing investigations, reveal confidential informants, or constitute unwarranted invasions of the personal privacy of third parties who are involved in a certain investigation.

Amendment of records would interfere with ongoing criminal law enforcement proceedings and impose an impossible administrative burden by requiring criminal investigations to be continuously reinvestigated. In the interests of effective law enforcement, it is appropriate to retain all information since it may aid in establishing patterns of criminal activity.

Moreover, it would impede the specific investigation process if it were necessary to assure the relevance, accuracy, timeliness and completeness of all information obtained. This would permit record subjects to impede the investigation e. Individual access to these records might compromise ongoing investigations, reveal confidential sources or constitute unwarranted invasions of the personal privacy of third parties who are involved in a certain investigation, or jeopardize national security or foreign policy interests. In the interests of effective law enforcement, it is appropriate to retain all information which may aid in establishing patterns of criminal activity.

Redesignated by Order No. To provide the target of a surveillance or collection activity with the disclosure accounting records concerning him or her would hinder authorized United States intelligence activities by informing that individual of the existence, nature, or scope of information that is properly classified pursuant to Executive Order , as amended, and thereby cause damage to the national security.

This subsection is inapplicable to the extent that an exemption is being claimed for subsection d. Disclosure of foreign intelligence and counterintelligence information would interfere with collection activities, reveal the identity of confidential sources, and cause damage to the national security of the United States.

To ensure unhampered and effective collection and analysis of foreign intelligence and counterintelligence information, disclosure must be precluded. Amendment of the records would interfere with ongoing intelligence activities thereby causing damage to the national security.

These subsections are inapplicable to the extent exemption is claimed from d 1 and 2. It is often impossible to determine in advance if intelligence records contained in this system are relevant and necessary, but, in the interests of national security, it is necessary to retain this information to aid in establishing patterns of activity and provide intelligence leads. Although this office does not conduct investigations, the collection efforts of agencies that supply information to this office would be thwarted if the agencies were required to collect information with the subject's knowledge.

To inform individuals as required by this subsection could reveal the existence of collection activity and compromise national security. For example, a target could, once made aware that collection activity exists, alter his or her manner of engaging in intelligence or terrorist activities in order to avoid detection. These subsections are inapplicable to the extent that this system is exempt from the access provisions of subsection d.

It is often impossible to determine in advance if intelligence records contained in this system are accurate, relevant, timely and complete, but, in the interests of national security, it is necessary to retain this information to aid in establishing patterns of activity and providing intelligence leads. Serving notice could give persons sufficient warning to evade intelligence collection and anti-terrorism efforts. These subsections are inapplicable to the extent that this system is exempt from other specific subsections of the Privacy Act. In addition, the following system of records is exempted pursuant to the provisions of 5 U.

Since release of such information to the subjects of an investigation would provide them with significant information concerning the nature of the investigation, release could result in the destruction of documentary evidence, improper influencing of witnesses, endangerment of the physical safety of confidential sources, witnesses, and law enforcement personnel, the fabrication of testimony, flight of the subject from the area, and other activities that could impede or compromise the investigation. In addition, accounting for each disclosure could result in the release of properly classified information which would compromise the national defense or disrupt foreign policy.

In addition, granting access to such information could disclose security-sensitive or confidential business information or information that would constitute an unwarranted invasion of the personal privacy of third parties. Finally, access to the records could result in the release of properly classified information which would compromise the national defense or disrupt foreign policy. Amendment of the records would interfere with ongoing investigations and law enforcement activities and impose an impossible administrative burden by requiring investigations to be continuously reinvestigated.

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Relevance and necessity are questions of judgment and timing, and it is only after the information is evaluated that the relevance and necessity of such information can be established. In the interest of effective law enforcement, the OIG should retain this information, as it may aid in establishing patterns of criminal activity, and can provide valuable leads for Federal and other law enforcement agencies.

Such information cannot readily be segregated. Providing such notice to a subject of an investigation could interfere with an undercover investigation by revealing its existence, and could endanger the physical safety of confidential sources, witnesses, and investigators by revealing their identities. In the collection of information for law enforcement purposes, it is impossible to determine in advance what information is accurate, relevant, timely, and complete.

Material which may seem unrelated, irrelevant, or incomplete when collected may take on added meaning or significance as an investigation progresses. The restrictions of this provision could interfere with the preparation of a complete investigative report, and thereby impede effective law enforcement. Such a disclosure could also reveal investigative interests by not only OIG, but also by the recipient agency or component. In addition, providing the individual an accounting for each disclosure could result in the release of properly classified information which would compromise the national defense or disrupt foreign policy.

The DOJ takes seriously its obligation to maintain accurate records despite its assertion of this exemption, and to the extent it, in its sole discretion, agrees to permit amendment or correction of DOJ records, it will share that information in appropriate cases. Finally, access to the records could result in the release of properly classified information that would compromise the national defense or disrupt foreign policy.

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In the interest of effective law enforcement, the OIG should retain this information in accordance with applicable record retention procedures, as it may aid in establishing patterns of criminal activity, and can provide valuable leads for Federal and other law enforcement agencies. Material that may seem unrelated, irrelevant, or incomplete when collected may take on added meaning or significance as an investigation progresses.

Such notice could also reveal investigative techniques, procedures, or evidence. This exemption applies only to the extent that information in this system is subject to exemption pursuant to 5 U. Section b of Title 18 U. The records include reports of informants and investigations. Therefore, access could disclose investigative techniques, reveal the identity of confidential sources, and invade the privacy of third parties.

These exemptions apply only to the extent that information in a record contained within this system is subject to exemptions pursuant to 5 U. To provide the subject with an accounting of disclosures of records in this system could inform that individual of the existence, nature, or scope of an actual or potential law enforcement or counterintelligence investigation, and thereby seriously impede law enforcement or counterintelligence efforts by permitting the record subject and other persons to whom he might disclose the records to avoid criminal penalties, civil remedies, or counterintelligence measures.

Information within this record system could relate to official federal investigations and matters of law enforcement. Disclosure may also reveal information relating to actual or potential law enforcement investigations. Disclosure of classified national security information would cause damage to the national security of the United States. Amendment of these records could interfere with ongoing criminal or civil law enforcement proceedings and impose an impossible administrative burden by requiring investigations to be continuously reinvestigated.

It is often impossible to determine in advance if investigatory information contained in this system is accurate, relevant, timely and complete, but, in the interests of effective law enforcement and counterintelligence, it is necessary to retain this information to aid in establishing patterns of activity and provide investigative leads.

To collect information from the subject individual could serve to notify the subject individual that he or she is the subject of a criminal investigation and thereby present a serious impediment to such investigations. To inform individuals as required by this subsection could reveal the existence of a criminal investigation and compromise investigative efforts. To serve notice could give persons sufficient warning to evade investigative efforts. This subsection is inapplicable to the extent that the system is exempt from other specific subsections of the Privacy Act.

In the interest of effective law enforcement, it is appropriate to retain all information that may aid in establishing patterns of criminal activity. Attorney's ability to issue subpoenas. These exemptions apply only to the extent that information in this system of records is subject to exemption pursuant to 5 U. Government of Canada supports initiative to address workplace sexual harassment and improve access to justice in Ontario. Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Quebec.

Government of Canada announces judicial appointment in the province of Ontario.

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New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services Home Page - NY DCJS

Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Manitoba. Government of Canada announces judicial appointment to the Federal Court. Prime Minister announces two appointments to superior courts of Ontario and Quebec. Government of Canada announces appointment to the Specific Claims Tribunal. Statement from the Department of Justice Canada. Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Nova Scotia. Government of Canada announces judicial appointment to the Federal Court of Appeal. Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Ontario.

Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of British Columbia. Government of Canada announces Criminal Code reforms to modernize the criminal justice system and reduce delays. Measures to strengthen legal protections for children, vulnerable individuals, and animals pass Parliament and are now in place.

New measures to strengthen family justice receive Royal Assent. Government of Canada announces access to justice support to help train Manitoba law students in both official languages. Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of New Brunswick. Government of Canada announces judicial appointment in the province of British Columbia.

The Government of Canada strengthens support for child and youth victims of abuse and violence in New Brunswick.

12222 OJP Grant Application Resource Guide (November 30, 2018)

The Government of Canada strengthens support for child and youth victims of abuse and violence in British Columbia. Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Alberta.

Government of Canada supports initiatives to address workplace sexual harassment in British Columbia. Backgrounder: Addressing workplace sexual harassment. Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Saskatchewan. Government of Canada hosts a symposium on Indigenous justice systems. Government of Canada announces judicial appointments to the Federal Court. Government of Canada announces funding for training to enhance access to justice in both official languages.

The Government of Canada increases its support for child victims of abuse and violence in Quebec. The Minister of Justice highlights significant support for access to justice and public legal information in Quebec. Government of Canada announces judicial appointment in the province of Alberta. Government of Canada announces judicial appointment to the Tax Court of Canada. Improving access to Justice for minority language communities in Quebec.

Canada and Red Earth Cree Nation sign Memorandum of Understanding to advance discussions on administration of justice. Government of Canada announces judicial appointment in the province of Manitoba. Government of Canada announces judicial appointment in the province of Nova-Scotia. Government of Canada announces Federal Court prothonotary appointment. Government of Canada announces judicial appointment in the province of Quebec. Minister of Justice orders new trial in Nova Scotia murder case following conviction review.